Turkish carpets and kilims are among the most valuable museum collections in the world. Owning a Turkish rug and kilim is therefore considered a status symbol.
The Turks are of nomadic origin, they have a tradition of weaving of Turkish carpets which formerly adorned their tents. It has been part of their culture for thousands of years. Traditionally a craft learned by women, each Turkish rug and kilim is unique. Her variations reflect both the character of the designer and where she came from. Thus, each region of Turkey has developed its own unique style of carpet pattern and color.
Today, chemical dyes are more common and rugs can be made from wool, silk and cotton. The density of the knots determines the quality of the Turkish rugs and kilims. Thus, the more there are knots per cm, the more resistant the carpet will be.
If you decide to buy a Turkish rug and kilim, most merchants will be happy to spend some time with you. They will invite you over for apple tea and tell you about the history and meaning of the many designs and symbols in their weavings. In recent years, a number of carpet schools have opened where traditional arts and processes are preserved. Thus, the process of making Turkish rugs is introduced to visitors.
HANDMADE TURKISH CARPETS AND KILIMS
Today, museums around the world display Turkish rugs and kilims woven in Anatolia. They are among the most important and valuable works of art from the Seljuk period and throughout the Ottoman Empire.
Turkish Anatolian rugs and kilims show off vivid colors, their patterns and superior quality have earned a universal reputation. Natural dyes are used by many families of weavers who have kept a broad knowledge of the natural elements around them. They know how to use flowers, roots and vegetables. This gives the rugs a vibrant color.
Many patterns are recurrent on Turkish rugs and kilims: amulet and evil eye, bird, burdock, chest, cross and hook, dragon, eagle, earrings, eye, fertility hand with finger and comb, hands on hips, headband, ram’s horn, running water, scorpion, star, tree of life, wolf mouth and traces and monster feet, etc.
If you are interested in Turkish ceramics and tiles please have a look here.